Since 2017 we have been witnessing a devastating US practice of separating immigrant children from their families at the US-Mexico border. In early February 2019, Dr. Jack Shonkoff stepped forward to testify to a U.S. Congressional committee that is investigating the response of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to this family separation policy He explained that the trauma that can be caused by such forced family separation and the long-term effects of toxic stress will continue to accumulate until children and their parents/caregivers are reunited. His testimony presented the scientific evidence needed to analyze the effects of the family separation policy. Dr. Shonkoff is a renowned pediatrician, researcher and the Director of the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. He went on to clarify:Read More
KIPS Blog: Parenting Assessment in Practice & Research
Oprah Discovers ACES!
Oprah has become a passionate champion for broadcasting the alarming impact of ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences). ACEs refers to the profound long-term impact that traumatic childhood experiences have on health and well-being. One could hardly find a more beloved TV/movie personality and billionaire to champion this long-overlooked cause! In a recent segment on the 60 Minutes television series.Read More
Guest Blog by
Erin Cowan, MSW, Program Director
Child Crisis Arizona, Home Visiting Program
Child Crisis Arizona, Home Visiting Program (CCAZ-HV) is a program for expecting mothers and families with children up to 5 years old in Mesa, Arizona. It is a program within Child Crisis Arizona and funded by First Things First Arizona. In 2013 the Parents as Teachers national center awarded CCAZ-HV the Losos Prize for Excellence for our innovative central intake program and our commitment to high standards of quality when serving our familiesRead More
I first heard about this book on a National Public Radio broadcast from nearby Philadelphia during which Dr. Sax was interviewed about his fourth book on parenting. Leonard Sax, MD, PhD, is an experienced family practice physician who is also trained in psychology. The Collapse of Parenting: How We Hurt Our Kids When We Treat Them Like Grown-Ups is his latest book that offers advice for parents to raise healthier children and teenagers.Read More
This week we return to the topic of Adverse Childhood Experiences. In our previous blog, we explored ACEs screening for children. What about ACEs screening for parents?
This is a question that I first heard when conducting an evaluation with a home visiting program for mothers and their children under 3 years old. The clinical staff had noted numerous traumatic childhood experiences reported during their conversations with participating mothers. Yet we had no group level information about how widespread these experiences were. The clinical staff decided to administer a structured screening inventory with each mother to describe the age and occurrence of traumatic experiences during childhood and adulthood. The results were astounding, and deeply troubled the clinical staff.Read More
A new report, Income and Poverty in the United Sates: 2014 details the most current statistics for children and families in the United States, the largest economy in the world. The title tells the story. Despite the encouraging steps toward recovery from the 2008-09 recession in terms of employment, the US continues to be a society of the “haves and have-nots”. The new poverty statistics are sadly too familiar. I find it appalling that 21.1% of children under age 18 and 23.5% of children under age 6 live in poverty in the US! Even worse, more than half, 55.1% of children under 6 years who live in families headed by single mothers live in poverty! (See Income and Poverty in the United Sates: 2014, pages 14-15 for more details on children living in poverty). Considering the trends over the past 50 years, we clearly are not winning the War on Poverty.Read More
Child Trends 5 issues a series of monthly e-newsletters summarizing current research about children and youth. The October 2015 newsletter, Child Trends: Five Things to Know about Mental Wellness in Early Childhood is brief, but packed with lots of links to solid research. The authors highlighted facts about the mental wellness of infants and toddlers, birth to 3 years old. Because parents and other significant caregivers are responsible for the early environments that young children experience, this newsletter focuses on what parents/caregivers need to understand and how they can promote children’s mental wellness during the first 3 years of life.
As I look out my window I am struck by the resilience of nature. As spring fades into summer, the hollies, that suffered severe frost damage from the persistent cold winter winds and looked nearly dead, have recently sprouted new leaves and seem on their way to a full recovery. These hollies remind me of the amazing resilience that many children unveil in the face of overwhelmingly adverse experiences (e.g., chronic poverty, physical or sexual abuse, severe neglect, domestic violence) that crush some children, but trigger adaptation in others.Read More
Did you know that children with disabilities are reported at nearly 2 times greater risk of child maltreatment than typically developing children? Some studies indicate that children with emotional or behavior problems are at elevated risk. Estimates of the prevalence of children 0-5 years with serious emotional/ behavioral disorders in the U.S. range from 9% to 14%. Challenging behaviors that can have negative ripple effects on the child, family and community by disrupting parent-child relationships, increasing parental stress, isolating families and sometimes triggering child maltreatment. Unfortunately, government -sponsored early intervention programs often don’t use evidence-based intervention programs to prevent or address these challenging behaviors. Although research on several family-centered behavioral intervention modelshas shown positive impacts on young children with challenging behaviors and their parents, there’s a gap between research and practice in most communities.
Children learn everywhere, and all the time. They are constantly observing, asking questions, trying new things, and building relationships as they explore their environments. Research suggests that only 20% of children’s waking hours each year are spent learning in classrooms. That means 80% of their time is open for exploring and learning in the home and community settings. As we have discussed in previous blogs, research suggests that parenting and the home environment are the dominant factors in children’s academic success (1, 2, 3, 4).